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Home LO QUE HACEMOS Revista Virtual > Articulos Producción global y producción local
Históricamente, la economía de un país (o de cualquier área geográfica) se ha desarrollado en función de los recursos de que disponía. Los excedentes en determinados recursos y la escasez en otros generan el comercio internacional. El tamaño de las áreas de intercambio económico no ha dejado de crecer, hasta alcanzar todo el planeta.
Además de ampliarse la red comercial, también se ha desplazado la manufactura, sobre todo en los últimos decenios.
Diremos que una empresa "produce globalmente" cuando lleva a cabo la manufactura más lejos de lo que le sería posible. Es decir: a pesar de disponer de recursos cercanos, decide usar otros más lejanos. La "producción local" sería la que usa los recursos más próximos de que dispone.
Costes de producción Los correspondientes a mano de obra y los fiscales se reducen mucho con la producción global. De hecho, la reducción de estos costes es el principal factor que motiva la producción global (si los costes fueran iguales en todas partes, no habría razón para mover la manufactura). Las áreas receptoras de la migración son países con mucha mano de obra barata y ventajas fiscales respecto a los países de origen de las empresas productoras. Mayoritariamente, la producción se mueve desde los países del Norte hacia los países del Sur.
Producción global y producción local

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